What are the Three Types of Cataracts

What Are the Three Types of Cataracts?

If left untreated, a cataract is a clouding of the lens of the eye caused by protein building in the body, which results in impaired vision and blindness. Nuclear sclerotic, cortical, and posterior subcapsular cataracts are the three main forms of cataracts.

3 Different Types of Cataracts

Nuclear Cataracts: The most common type of cataract, a nuclear cataract, starts with a gradual hardness and yellowing of the central zone of the lens, commonly known as the nucleus. This yellowing and hardness will spread to the other layers of the lens over time.

Cortical Cataracts: A cortical cataract develops in the cortex, the lens’ shell layer, and gradually stretches its “spokes” from the lens’ periphery to the centre. These cracks can scatter light entering the eye, resulting in impaired vision, glare, contrast, and depth perception issues. Diabetics are at an increased risk of getting cortical cataracts.

Posterior Subcapsular Cataracts: This type of cataract begins as a small opaque or foggy region on the posterior (rear surface) of the lens, mostly impacting reading and night vision. It’s called subcapsular because it develops beneath the lens capsule, which is a tiny sac or membrane that surrounds and secures the lens.

1. Nuclear Sclerotic Cataract

What is Nuclear Sclerotic Cataract?

The most common type of cataract is a nuclear cataract, which starts with a gradual hardness and yellowing of the core zone of the lens, commonly known as the nucleus. This yellowing and hardness will spread to the other layers of the lens over time. As the cataract advances, the eye’s ability to focus changes, and close-up vision (for reading or other close activities) may improve briefly. Second sight is the name given to this condition, however, the eyesight improvement it brings is not permanent. A nuclear sclerotic cataract develops slowly and may take several years before it begins to interfere with vision.

Nuclear Sclerotic Cataract – Causes

  • Proteins in your lens naturally break down over time, causing nuclear sclerosis. In this situation, they clump together, generating hardness that prevents light from flowing through the lens centre to the retina.
  • The retina processes light and sends impulses to the brain, which allows it to register images. Because nuclear sclerosis reduces the amount of light passing through the centre of the lens, the retina has less “information” to process.
  • Your nuclear sclerosis will eventually turn into an NS cataract as you get older. Cataracts can be caused by trauma or disease, in addition to ageing.
  • Nuclear sclerotic cataracts, the most frequent type of age-related cataracts, are highly common. Changes to different areas of the lens cause several types of cataracts.
  • NS cataracts induced by age are sometimes referred to as nuclear senile cataracts to distinguish them from other types of cataracts.

Nuclear Sclerotic Cataract – Symptoms

  • As an NS cataract develops, you or someone close to you may notice a change in the appearance of your eye (cloudiness, yellowing, browning). It could also be discovered during a physical or eye checkup by a healthcare provider.
  • Initially, you may only develop a cataract in one eye. You’ll most likely develop one in the opposite eye as well.
  • Depending on the severity of the clouding, a nuclear sclerotic cataract can be characterised as either immature or mature. Untreated nuclear sclerotic cataracts can result in blindness in severe situations.
  • Cataracts are the major cause of blindness in both developed and developing countries.

2. Cortical Cataract – Overview

What is Cortical Cataract?

A cortical cataract develops in the cortex, the lens’ outer layer, and gradually stretches its “spokes” from the lens’ periphery to the centre. These cracks can scatter light entering the eye, resulting in impaired vision, glare, contrast, and depth perception issues. Diabetics are at an increased risk of getting cortical cataracts.

Light entering the eye is scattered as the state of the cortical cataract increases, resulting in blurred vision. Cortical senile cataracts can progress in one of two ways: they can progress slowly and stay the same for a long time, or they can progress quickly.

Cortical Cataract – Causes

As light passes through the lens, a cortical cataract distributes it randomly, generating glare and light sensitivity. It also reduces the amount of light reaching the retina, resulting in blurry vision and a lack of colour and depth sense. Because of the position and nature of the opacities, cortical cataract symptoms emerge early. The following are some of the signs and symptoms:

  • When driving at night, glare from light sources such as headlights
  • Bright light sensitivity
  • Lights with halo effects
  • Reduced vision
  • Colour perception is altered.
  • Perception of depth is difficult.
  • In low light, the capacity to see contrast decreases.

Cortical Cataract – Symptoms

Here are some of the key symptoms of Cortical Cataracts:

  • Hazy vision
  • Severe glare from sources of light
  • Difficulty in telling similar colours apart
  • Difficulty in judging how far an object is placed
  • Possible double vision in the affected eye – monocular diplopia

 3. Posterior Subcapsular cataract – Overview

What is Posterior Subcapsular Cataract?

This type of cataract is more likely to develop if you have diabetes or have excessive nearsightedness. Steroid users, whether recreationally or as part of medical treatment, are at an increased risk. You will first notice problems in your night vision if you have posterior subcapsular cataracts. With this cataract, you may have more difficulty reading. This cataract develops swiftly, usually over months rather than years. If you suspect you have cataracts, schedule an appointment with an eye doctor for a thorough examination.

Posterior Subcapsular cataract – Causes

It is critical to understand the numerous causes before undergoing any treatment. This not only aids in proper treatment and healing but also teaches you how to avoid the source of future cataracts. Some of the causes of posterior subcapsular cataracts are listed below:

  • Ageing
  • Long-term administration of steroid medicines
  • Trauma that isn’t subtle
  • Inflammation of the eyeball
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Atopic dermatitis, for example, is a type of dermatitis that affects the skin.

Posterior Subcapsular cataract – Symptoms

The posterior subcapsular cataract develops the fastest of all the cataract forms. As a result, it’s critical to be on the lookout for any signs of symptoms. Some of the signs of a posterior subcapsular cataract include:

  • Vision blurriness
  • Especially when exposed to bright lights, such as headlights at night, glare and halos might occur.
  • Near vision impairment
  • In some circumstances, diplopia or polyopia may be present.
  • Reduced sensitivity to contrast

Other Types Of Cataracts

Cataracts come in a variety of shapes and sizes.

Nuclear Cataracts: At first, a nuclear cataract may result in increased nearsightedness or even a transient improvement in reading vision. However, as time passes, the lens becomes more thickly yellow, obscuring your eyesight even more.

Cortical Cataracts: Cortical cataracts are characterised by whitish, wedge-shaped opacities or streaks on the lens cortex’s outer edge. The streaks gradually expand to the centre of the lens, interfering with light flowing through the centre.

Posterior Subcapsular Cataracts: A posterior subcapsular cataract begins as a small, opaque region near the back of the lens, directly in the path of light. A posterior subcapsular cataract can create glare or halos surrounding lights at night, interfere with reading vision, and impair vision in bright light. These types of cataracts progress more quickly than others.

Congenital Cataracts: Cataracts are congenital, meaning that some people are born with them or acquire them as children. These cataracts could be hereditary, or they could be the result of intrauterine infection or trauma. Certain diseases, such as myotonic dystrophy, galactosemia, neurofibromatosis type 2 or rubella, can cause cataracts. Congenital cataracts don’t often cause vision problems, but if they do, they’re usually removed as soon as they’re discovered.

When to See Eye Specialist

We all know how crucial it is to have regular eye checkups. Adults should get their eyes examined at least every two years, however, your optometrist may advise you to come in more frequently. Regular eye exams improve your eyes in the same way that regular car tune-ups benefit your car. Adults between the ages of 20 and 39 who have healthy eyes should see their eye doctor every 2 to 3 years. Adults between the ages of 40 and 64 should see their eye doctor every two years, while adults above 64 should see their eye doctor once a year.

Looking to Improve Your Sight?

When the lens of the eye becomes clouded, light entering through the eye becomes scattered and unfocused, resulting in a cataract. Because the natural eye lens is made up of water and protein, some proteins can become discoloured as the eye ages, causing vision blurring. DLEI Center provides the best eye care.

Get access to advanced & low cost cataract treatments in Pune or call us for more details 20-26345710.

How to Prevent Cataracts

How to Prevent Cataracts?

A cataract is a clouding of the lens of the eye, which is ordinarily clear. Seeing through hazy lenses is similar to looking through a frosty or fogged-up window for persons with cataracts. Cataracts can make it difficult to read, drive a car (especially at night), or notice the expression on a friend’s face due to clouded vision.

The majority of cataracts form slowly and do not affect your vision at first. Cataracts, on the other hand, will obstruct your vision over time. Stronger lighting and spectacles can help you cope with cataracts at first. However, if your vision is obstructing your daily activities, you may need cataract surgery. Cataract surgery is, fortunately, a relatively safe and successful technique.

Cataracts – Overview

A clouded lens is referred to as a cataract. The lens sits behind the coloured portion of your eye (iris). The lens concentrates light entering your eye, resulting in bright, sharp images on the retina – the light-sensitive membrane in your eye that works similarly to film in a camera. The lenses in your eyes get less flexible, less translucent, and thicker as you get older. Proteins and fibres within the lenses break down and clump together as a result of ageing and other medical disorders, clouding the lenses.

The cloudiness becomes denser as the cataract progresses. As light passes through the lens, a cataract scatters and blocks it, preventing a highly defined image from reaching your retina. As a result, your vision will get hazy. Cataracts usually develop in both eyes at the same time, but not always. One eye’s cataract may be more advanced than the other, resulting in a disparity in vision between the two.

Is There Any Way to Prevent Cataracts?

If your cataracts aren’t too severe, you might be able to enhance your eyesight with new glasses or better lighting. However, if cataracts advance and begin to impair your vision, an ophthalmologist will explore the possibility of cataract surgery with you. There are no additional FDA-approved therapy alternatives for cataract removal at this time.

Fortunately, cataract surgery is one of the most popular medical operations in the United States, and the vast majority of patients benefit from it. After cataract surgery, complications are uncommon. Your natural lens, which has developed into a cataract, is removed and replaced with an artificial lens implant during cataract surgery.

10 Ways to Prevent Cataracts

Here are ten strategies to avoid cataracts and protect your vision:

Have your eyes examined regularly:

Eye examinations can aid in the early detection of cataracts and other eye issues. Inquire with your doctor about how often you should have your eyes examined.

Stop smoking:

Seek advice from your doctor on how to quit smoking. You can get treatment from medications, counselling, and other methods. Other health issues should be managed. If you have diabetes or any medical condition that puts you at risk for cataracts, stick to your treatment regimen.

Make an effort to eat a balanced diet:

By including a variety of colourful fruits and vegetables in your diet, you can ensure that you are obtaining a wide range of vitamins and nutrients. Many antioxidants may be found in fruits and vegetables, which can assist to keep your eyes healthy.

Put on your sunglasses:

The sun’s ultraviolet rays may play a role in the formation of cataracts. When you’re outside, wear sunglasses that block ultraviolet B (UVB) rays.

Reduce your alcohol consumption:

Excessive alcohol use has been linked to an increased risk of cataracts.

Keep your blood sugar in check:

Cataracts are caused by high blood sugar levels. Patients with diabetes who have poor blood sugar control present with cataracts at a considerably younger age than the general population. As a result, maintaining good glycemic control is critical.

Avoid trauma:

Traumatic cataract has no age preference, meaning that it can develop and progress at any age. As a result, it’s critical to avoid eye injuries by taking the necessary precautions.

Avoid using steroids until necessary:

Steroids are potentially life-saving medications, but their widespread and indiscriminate usage has resulted in a slew of issues. Even chemists in India give steroids with little regard for their negative consequences. People also tend to self-medicate. Steroids should only be used after seeing a doctor and under rigorous medical supervision.

UV (ultraviolet) radiation protection:

It is critical to protect your eyes from dangerous UV radiation. A wide-brimmed hat, scarf, or dupatta can help protect your eyes from the sun’s harmful rays. Furthermore, polarised sunglasses, photochromatic lenses, and UV blocking contact lenses can be used to protect the eyes from UV damage.

Take supplements:

Include antioxidants in your diets, such as vitamins A, C, and E, carotenoids, lutein and zeaxanthin, and selenium. These are found in a wide range of fruits and vegetables, as well as other nutritious foods.

What Foods Help Prevent Cataracts?

Because of hormonal changes associated with menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause, women are more prone to cataracts and other eye disorders. A nutritious diet rich in antioxidants is one of the most efficient methods to prevent degenerative eye illnesses like cataracts.

Some research shows that eating below foods may help prevent cataracts:

Fruits and Vegetables:

Fruits and vegetables have the highest total antioxidant content of any food, therefore include them as part of your daily diet. Choose organic fruits and vegetables, and eat the skins because they are high in vitamins A, C, and E, as well as lutein and zeaxanthin.

Whole Grain:

Eat three servings of 100 per cent whole grains per day to prevent cataracts. Amaranth, brown rice, bulgur, buckwheat, millet, oatmeal, popcorn, sorghum, quinoa, rye, and wheat are examples of this.


Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to lessen the formation and progression of cataracts. Shrimp, tuna, cod, salmon, halibut, trout, herring, walnut, flaxseed oil, canola oil, and spinach are all good sources of omega-3 fatty acids. Consume fish at least twice a week to nourish and protect your eyes.

Seeds and Nuts:

Nuts and seeds are high in vitamin E, an antioxidant that protects eye cell membranes from free radical damage. Almonds, walnuts, hazelnuts, peanuts, and sunflower seeds are among the finest foods for eye health.

Cataracts Prevention: Related FAQs

A cataract is a cloudiness of the natural lens of the eye, which is located right behind the pupil and lies between the front and rear portions of the eye. The good news is that there are things you may do to help reduce or delay the onset of cataracts. While the antioxidants you consume to aid in the battle against free radicals, smoking can deplete antioxidants and produce chemicals that cause cataracts

Q1. Can I prevent cataracts naturally?

You may be able to reduce your risk of cataracts by making simple lifestyle changes.

Eat a healthy diet: You are solely responsible for your diet and the things you consume. You may reduce the risk of cataracts while also keeping your body healthy and strong by eating a nutritious diet that includes the vitamins and nutrients your body need.

Quit smoking: While smoking is a major risk factor for a variety of disorders, it can also raise your chances of developing cataracts.

Sunglasses are recommended: Sunglasses are not only attractive and stylish, but they also shield your eyes from harmful UV rays. Long-term exposure to the sun’s harmful UV rays, which destroy the proteins in your eye’s lens, can raise your risk of cataracts.

Limit Alcohol: Drinking too much alcohol has been linked to an increased risk of cataracts in studies. The inflammatory reaction of your body and the creation of free radicals in your eyes are both increased by alcohol. It also has dehydrating effects, which might affect the proteins in the lens of your eye.

Q2. Can you prevent cataracts from getting worse?

There is no way to prevent cataracts because lens opacification is a natural ageing process. With the help of lifestyle changes, you can dramatically lower your risk of developing the disease at a younger age and/or slow its progression.

Consult your doctor about cataract testing if you find that your eyesight is worsening or that you are having problems seeing in dim light. If you’ve been diagnosed with cataracts, it’s critical to keep track of how they’re progressing and get treatment at the appropriate time.

Q3. Can sunglasses prevent cataracts

Wearing sunglasses that block ultraviolet (UV) rays may help prevent or reduce the progression of cataracts. Because ultraviolet B rays are particularly hazardous to your eyes, it’s critical to look for sunglasses that provide this level of protection.

Q4. Can Lasik prevent cataracts

Cataract surgery is a simple procedure that involves replacing the obstructive lens with an intraocular lens. Because LASIK and cataract surgery do not interfere with one other, cataract surgery following LASIK can be done safely.Although cataract surgery after LASIK is possible, because of recent advances in intraocular lenses, it is uncommon.

Premium intraocular lenses can be entirely personalised to treat any refractive defects, obviating the necessity for LASIK surgery. Inland Eye Specialists is a leading vision care facility specialising in LASIK, cataract surgery, and other procedures. These treatments are available to people of all ages and for a wide range of eye disorders, helping you to live a healthy life and see a bright, clear world.

Q5. What vitamins prevent cataracts

Vitamins A, C, and E, as well as lutein and zeaxanthin, are antioxidant vitamins and phytochemicals found in fruits and vegetables that may lessen the risk of cataracts. Fish consumption, which is high in omega-3 fatty acids, has also been related to a lower incidence of cataracts or the advancement of cataracts.

Q6. Can diet prevent cataracts?

A nutritious diet rich in antioxidants is one of the most efficient methods to prevent degenerative eye illnesses like cataracts. According to studies, for best eye health, we need between five and nine servings of fruits and vegetables every day.


Cataracts are changes in the clarity of the natural lens inside the eye, which sits behind the iris, resulting in the deterioration of a person’s visual acuity. It’s never too late to save your vision, and prevention is better than cure” is more true than ever when dealing with cataracts. So, let’s continue your cataract prevention adventure by studying more about it and discovering some extremely effective strategies for naturally preventing cataracts for as long as feasible.

India’s leading Eye Surgeon for Cataract

If you’re seeking one of the greatest eye specialists in Pune, India, go to the Dada Laser Eye Institute and see Dr Jeevan Ladi. Dr Ladi now offers a full variety of ophthalmology services, including complete eye exams, paediatric eye care, and specialist eye treatments such as Bladeless Cataract Surgery, LASIK, and Glaucoma Treatment, among others.

Get access to advanced & low cost cataract treatments in Pune or call us for more details 20-26345710.

Correcting Astigmatism During Cataract Surgery

Correcting Astigmatism During Cataract Surgery

Astigmatism is a refractive defect that occurs when the eye is not fully spherical. Light should bend smoothly and generate a clear image as it enters the eye. Because the eye shape is more oblong than spherical in those with astigmatism, light is refracted in one direction more than the other. Everyone has some degree of astigmatism, but some people have severe astigmatism, which can often be repaired with cataract surgery.

Can Cataract Surgery Fix Astigmatism?

Astigmatism can be corrected in a variety of ways with cataract surgery. The most typical solution is to replace the clouded lens with a toric IOL, which is a high-end intraocular lens.

A toric intraocular lens is a high-end IOL that works similarly to toric contact lenses for astigmatism correction. Toric IOLs correct astigmatism by altering the way light is refracted through the lens. However, because the toric IOL is safely implanted inside the eye, it provides a more stable correction than a toric contact lens, which slides on the eye’s surface when you blink. Toric IOLs, like toric contact lenses, come in a variety of powers to correct the eye’s asymmetry.

Limbal relaxing incisions are another approach to correct astigmatism during cataract surgery (LRI). One or more arc-shaped incisions are made near the cornea’s periphery in this operation. Astigmatism is eliminated by gradually reshaping the cornea into a more spherical form.

Correcting Astigmatism During Cataract Surgery

Cataract surgery is a highly effective treatment. It’s difficult to build on that achievement. One method is to reduce residual refractive error, particularly astigmatism. Toric IOLs produce excellent results, often better than corneal relaxing incisions made with or without a laser. Keratotomy does, however, have a place for low cylinder powers and postoperative upgrades. Despite lower Medicare reimbursement rates for cataract surgery, physicians are seeing an increasing number of cataract patients. Around 40% of them have clinically significant, regular astigmatism of 0.75 D or higher and could benefit from and pay for surgical correction out of pocket.

Should Astigmatism Be Corrected During Cataract Surgery?

Astigmatism should be corrected here are a few reasons why:

  • After cataract surgery, most patients’ refractive astigmatism rises. This is because, in most eyes, preoperative corneal astigmatism is larger than apparent astigmatism.
  • Residual astigmatism is especially irritating while wearing a multifocal lens. Unless other comorbidities impair contrast, multifocal lenses reduce contrast to a degree that does not concern the vast majority of people.
  • Years after cataract surgery, the development of the future disease can deteriorate vision, so correcting astigmatism now only improves the patient’s long-term outlook.
  • The operation is well-liked by patients, and it works.

How Much Astigmatism Can Be Corrected With Cataract Surgery?

A toric intraocular lens implant can correct astigmatism between 1-4 diopters. Multiple approaches are used to correctly quantify the degree and axis of astigmatism before surgery. In addition to evaluating the prescription for glasses or contact lenses, the curvature of the anterior cornea (which accounts for 80% of astigmatism) is evaluated with different tools to ensure uniformity. Some equipment can even detect the small amount of astigmatism caused by the cornea’s rear surface (about 0.5 diopters).

The power and axis of the toric implant required to correct astigmatism are chosen using a computer programme that also takes into account a minor degree of astigmatism caused by the cataract surgery incision.

Does Astigmatism Get Worse After Cataract Surgery?

Both cataracts and astigmatism can be treated at the same time using a corneal relaxing incision and/or the use of a toric lens. Astigmatism is a common imperfection in the human eye. Astigmatism is caused by a curvature in the cornea of the eye, resulting in distorted images or impaired vision in both near and far distances. According to new research, astigmatism that is not addressed at the time of cataract surgery tends to deteriorate after the procedure. While the cataract will enhance your eyesight by removing the hazy lens, you may experience blurred vision as your astigmatism worsens.

What Happens To Astigmatism After Cataract Surgery?

Astigmatism can be corrected or it gets reduced after cataract surgery. Astigmatism affects blurry vision in close and long distances, although it can be readily remedied with glasses or contact lenses. When a patient has cataract surgery without astigmatism, the conventional implant lenses provide good distant vision. If a standard lens is used, patients with astigmatism will still need glasses for far and near after cataract surgery since standard lenses do not correct astigmatism. 


The approach for removing cataracts and correcting astigmatism varies from patient to patient, but it is usually a simple surgery that can even eliminate the need for spectacles. Cataract surgery is an outpatient procedure that takes less than 20 minutes, plus a few minutes for astigmatism correction. You will spend the remainder of the day at home after spending roughly two hours in the surgical facility.

Although recovery from surgery is very swift, patients are advised to wait about a week before returning to routine activities. A follow-up consultation is required a few weeks following surgery to evaluate the new eyeglass prescription, if necessary.

If you are looking for the best eye specialist, visit Dada Laser Eye Institute, which was founded to offer the best eye care services to people from all over India. Our doctors are well qualified and have years of experience, so schedule your Cataract procedure with us. With DLEI, you’ll be in the best hands.

Difference between Glaucoma and Cataracts

What’s the Difference between Glaucoma and Cataracts?

Glaucoma vs. Cataracts

Glaucoma and cataract are both physical conditions that are enhanced after a certain age and are rather prevalent in diabetic patients. These are the most common chronic eye diseases but their effects on the eyes are completely different. Although they have some similar symptoms and share some risk factors, they have different causes, treatments, and outcomes.

1. What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a chronic condition that poses an effect on the optic nerve. When a fluid, called aqueous humor, builds up in the eye, it causes an increase in eye pressure, known as intraocular pressure (IOP). This occurs when there is either an overproduction of aqueous humor or your trabecular meshwork (the tissue through which this liquid drains) becomes blocked. High intraocular pressure (IOP) causes damage to the optic nerve, which, in turn, causes glaucoma. It can be either quick and painful or slow and subtle.

Related Blog: Cataract Types, Causes, Symptoms and Risk Factors

2. What are Cataracts?

A cataract is a very common condition mostly found in diabetic patients, particularly is found in old age. It is defined as a cloudy area in the lens of the eye. The lens allows the light to enter the eye and project images to the retina at the back of the eye. When the proteins inside the eye, break down, and they clump together to form the aforementioned cloudy area which is typically white, yellow, or brown.

Differences Between Glaucoma and Cataracts

As we age, our eyes, like any other part of the body, become susceptible to disease. How about a closer look at the risk factors and the major differences between both chronic conditions?

Glaucoma vs. Cataracts: Causes

Glaucoma and cataracts both mostly affect older adults and impair vision. However, their causes and effects on the eyes are quite different. They also have different treatment procedures.

1. Glaucoma –

Caused by eye pressure and affects the optic nerve. Its progression is either painful and swift or slow and subtle. When aqueous humor – a fluid – builds up in the eye, increases the pressure in the eye known as intraocular pressure (IOP). This happens either due to an overproduction of aqueous humor or when the trabecular meshwork is blocked. High intraocular pressure (IOP) damages the optic nerve, which, in turn, causes glaucoma.

2. Cataracts –

Cataracts are a result of clumped protein in the eye that blocks the light from entering the lens. The lens allows the light to enter the eye and project images to the retina at the back of the eye. When the proteins inside the eye break down, they clump together to form the aforementioned cloudy area which is typically white, yellow, or brown.

Glaucoma vs. Cataracts: Sign & Symptoms

1. Glaucoma –

Glaucoma may not present any symptoms at first, especially if it builds slowly but the patient might experience some of these symptoms depending on the type of Glaucoma:

  • Some loss of your peripheral vision.
  • Closed-angle glaucoma includes intense eye pain.
  • The eye may feel firm to the touch, and it may appear red.
  • Nausea
  • Blurry vision

Viability of halos of light glowing around everything.

2. Cataracts

Cataract takes time to develop which is why the symptoms are not visible in the beginning but eventually the patient experiences some of these symptoms:

  • Blurred vision
  • Double vision
  • Poor night vision
  • Extra sensitivity to light
  • Pale or faded colors
  • Frequent changes to your eyewear prescription

Glaucoma vs. Cataracts: Diagnosis and Treatment

1. Glaucoma

Diagnosis – Glaucoma can be diagnosed during a routine eye exam. To diagnose glaucoma, the doctor will likely prescribe eye drops that dilate the pupil. The doctor will also test the pressure in your eye. And suggest a few tests.

Treatment – The first treatment option for glaucoma is often medicated eye drops that may help decrease the pressure in your eye. If eye drops aren’t effective enough the ophthalmologist may perform laser surgery to help the eye fluid to drain properly. In extremely untreatable cases, surgery is suggested.

2. Cataracts

Diagnosis – Cataracts are detected with a simple dilation test during a routine eye exam. The doctor will place eye drops into your eyes to temporarily dilate the pupil making it easy to examine the lens for cataracts.

Treatment – Treatment for cataracts depends on its progression. If the cataracts are small, a change in the prescription will suffice. But if the cataracts are advanced, the doctor may suggest laser surgery. Cataract surgery is a common procedure that usually delivers good results.

Glaucoma vs. Cataracts: Risk Factors

1. Glaucoma

  • People over the age of 60 are at a higher risk for glaucoma.
  • People who have a history of glaucoma development in the family.
  • Genetic defects

2. Cataracts

  • Rarely, some people are born with cataracts because of an infection in the uterus while some people develop cataracts when they’re children.
  • Cataracts can also form after your eye has been injured or as a result of eye surgery.
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • High blood pressure
  • Long-term steroid use
  • Excessive alcohol use
  • Excessive sun exposure

Glaucoma vs. Cataracts: FAQs

Knowing and understanding the patient’s ocular situation is vital to successful treatment. To understand the risks and the treatments better, the patient needs to talk to the ophthalmologist and get the facts straight.

Q1. How are glaucoma and cataracts similar?

  • Both conditions cause vision loss.
  • Both of these eye diseases happen more commonly in people with diabetes.
  • Surgery is a treatment option for both glaucoma and cataracts.

Q2. How are glaucoma and cataracts different?

  • Glaucoma involves effects on the optic nerve, whereas cataracts involve effects on the lens.
  • Cataracts are painless and happen over time, whereas glaucoma can be either slow and subtle or quick and painful, depending on the type of glaucoma and severity.
  • Glaucoma can cause irreversible blindness, whereas vision loss is less likely with cataracts (albeit still possible).
  • Vision loss in cataracts can be reversed with surgery, whereas it cannot with glaucoma surgery.
  • Cataract surgery involves removing the lens and replacing it with an artificial lens, whereas glaucoma surgery uses a laser to open up the blocked canals that are preventing fluid drainage.
  • Cataracts are not urgent medical conditions, whereas early prevention and treatment are crucial in glaucoma.

Q3. Are cataracts and glaucoma-related?

Both conditions can be a natural part of the aging process. Many people over 60 may have both. Otherwise, the two are not associated.

  • A cataract is an eye condition where cloudiness, or opacity in the lens, blocks or changes the entry of light, affecting vision.

A glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that gradually steals sight without warning and often without symptoms. Vision loss is caused by damage to the optic nerve.

Q4. Are cataracts or glaucoma more common?

While both the conditions have similarities and like the rest of our body, our eyes eventually tire, age, and become susceptible to disease and other vision-related conditions. Two of the most common vision-threatening conditions are glaucoma and cataracts.  Cataracts are the leading cause of blindness, with glaucoma a close runner-up.

Q5. Do untreated cataracts lead to glaucoma?

If left untreated, over time, cataracts can become worse and start to interfere with vision. Vision is compromised because of which important skills can be affected. In worse cases, cataracts will eventually cause total blindness.

Q6. Can cataracts be removed if you have glaucoma?

When these two chronic eye conditions happen concurrently, vision is dramatically impaired. People will often ask if it is possible to have cataract surgery while living with glaucoma. The short answer is yes. Since cataract surgery can result in changes in eye pressure, patients with progressed glaucoma and cataracts should be assessed on an individual basis to determine which cataract treatment option will be safest and most effective.

When To See Your Eye Doctor

Make an appointment with your usual eye care provider if you notice the above-mentioned changes in your vision. If the doctor determines that you have cataracts, then you may be referred to an ophthalmic specialist who can perform cataract surgery. Similarly, in the case of Glaucoma, see a doctor if you experience eye pain and or peripheral blind spots.


While glaucoma and cataracts can both lead to vision loss if they’re not diagnosed and treated early, both conditions can cause blurry vision as well as other symptoms.

As a result, vision impairment and compromise because of the conditions are likely to lead to blindness. Glaucoma is the result of the buildup of fluid inside your eye. Treatment is focused on reducing the fluid pressure in your eye. Cataracts are caused by an accumulation of protein in the lens of your eye. With age, you’re increasingly likely to develop cataracts. Fortunately, cataract surgery can help restore vision for most people.

It’s important to have regular eye exams to ensure that glaucoma or cataracts are detected early enough to keep your eyes healthy and your vision clear, especially as you get older.


Need expert advice about cataracts or other vision problems? Dr. Jeevan Ladi and his team of experts at Dada Laser Eye Institute Pune are here to help.


Book your appointment today (+91) 9922995549

To know more about our services, click here, Cataract Surgery in Pune.

Causes Of Cataracts In Young Adults

Causes Of Cataracts In Young Adults

What is Cataract?

A cataract is when your eye’s natural lens becomes cloudy. The proteins present in your lens break down and cause things to look blurry, hazy or less colorful. You may see double, colors look faded, your eyes are extra sensitive to light and you usually have trouble seeing well at night. Our natural lens bends light rays that come into the eye to help us see. The lens must be clear to experience clear vision.

With age, the proteins inside your lens can clump together turning the lens from clear to cloudy. Cataracts can be surgically removed through an outpatient procedure that restores vision.

Related Blog: Cataract Types, Causes, Symptoms and Risk Factors

Cataracts in Young Adults

Cataracts can rob you of your vision. They are usually associated with people over the age of 60 but can affect younger people too. Individuals who develop cataracts early in life are said to have early-onset cataracts.

Causes of Cataracts in Young Adults

Although cataracts in young people are not common, it is important to know their potential causes. Read on to find out what causes these premature cataracts:

1. Diabetes

The risk of cataracts in diabetic patients is double that of individuals who do not have this medical condition. The cause of early-onset cataracts in diabetic patients is uncontrolled blood sugar.

2. Hypertension

Hypertension is the prominent risk factor in cataract patients. Blood vessels carry blood not only to your heart but also to your eyes. High blood pressure usually causes heart and kidney problems but can also affect your eyesight and lead to cataract.

3. Traumatic Injury To The Eye

A blunt force to the eye can cause a portion of the eye’s lens to become cloudy or opaque.
Treatment depends on several factors including:

1. The intensity of the blunt force.
2. Whether the damage is extending or fixed.
3. The health of the patient.

4. High Myopia (nearsightedness)

Various studies have found that individuals with high myopia, particularly when early-onset or detected before they turn 20 years of age, are more likely to develop cataracts later on. The increasing axial eyeball length in myopic eyes may prevent nutrient delivery to the back side of the lenses. As a result, they lose their clarity and begin forming cataracts.

5. Use Of Steroidal Medications

The on-going use of certain drugs, such as statins and steroids, can contribute to early cataract formation.

6. Family History

We are all at a risk of developing cataracts due to aging, but one important risk factor to pay attention to is family history. If you have close relatives who have had cataracts your chances of developing cataracts is higher than those with no family history.

7. Obesity

Poor diet and obesity heighten the risk of eye related diseases such as cataracts. The eyes are put under increased strain from high blood pressure, oxidative stress and disordered lipid metabolism, which are all associated with increased weight levels.

8. Smoking

The harsh effects of smoking on lungs and the heart has been well established by medical researchers. smokers have double the risk of developing cataracts compared with non-smokers. This risk is triple the intensity for heavy smokers.
The more you smoke, the higher your chances of developing cataracts.

9. Excessive Alcohol Consumption

Consuming alcohol weakens the muscles of your eyes and can damage your optic nerves which sends images to your brain. Alcohol results in slow communication between the eyes and the brains.

Can You Get Cataracts In Your 20’s?

In some cases, cataracts can even occur at birth. Usually when we hear or read the word cataract we associate it to older people. But nowadays, it is not so uncommon for people to develop cataracts in their 40s, 30s or even 20s.  While older patients might delay cataract surgery, younger patients who are still working or raising families may benefit from earlier direct intervention, including surgery.

So yes, if you are in your 20s you can still develop cataracts but with the correct care and treatment, you can achieve perfect vision once again.

After cataract surgery, many patients find that their vision seems to be better than before!

Is It Normal To Get Cataracts At A Young Age?

The symptoms of cataracts are the same whether they develop in younger adults or people in their 60s, 70s, and beyond. It is completely normal to develop cataract in your 20s or 30s. The important factor is finding a good ophthalmologist who will be able to use their expertise to cure your cataract.


In conclusion, more people than you know are suffering from cataracts in their 20s. It is not uncommon to see cataracts in very young patients in their teens and 20’s for various reasons as we have mentioned above.

While early onset cataracts are not common, it is important to know the causes, warning signs, and treatment options for early onset cataracts. This article gives you a clear idea about the causes of premature cataract. Here are a few ways you can prevent your cataract from getting worse:

  1. Have regular eye exams.
  2. Watch your blood sugar if you have diabetes.
  3. Stop smoking altogether.
  4. Reduce your alcohol consumption.
  5. Always eat a balanced and healthy diet.

With the right ophthalmologist and correct guidance there is no need to stress about suffering from cataract at any given age.

If you think you have cataract, no matter what your age, see your ophthalmologist.

Need expert advice about cataracts or other vision problems? Dr. Jeevan Ladi and his team of experts at Dada Laser Eye Institute Pune are here to help.

 Book your appointment today (+91) 9922995549

To know more about our services, click here, Cataract Surgery in Pune.