Difference between (Lazy Eye) & Strabismus

Is Lazy Eye the Same as Strabismus? Difference between Amblyopia (Lazy Eye) & Strabismus?

What is Lazy eye?

Amblyopia or lazy eye is an imaginative and prescient impairment due to terrible coordination with the mind. Although there may be no disorder that hinders the visible capability of the eyes, the mind gets poorer high-satisfactory visible facts from certainly considered one among them, so it offers desire to the attention that sees better. This reasons the alternative eye now no longer to be inspired or paintings difficult sufficient and it finally ends up becoming “lazy”.

Amblyopia or lazy eye commonly develops at an early age and is the main purpose of adolescence or childhood vision loss. For this reason, it is very essential to have an early eye exam by an ophthalmologist and have it corrected as early as possible.

Amblyopia (Lazy Eye) and Strabismus – similarities and differences

Similarities –

Gathering the difference between strabismus and amblyopia can be confusing, as the two functional vision problems partake some analogous characteristics. Strabismus is a problem with eye alignment, in which both eyes don’t look at the same place at the same time. Amblyopia is a problem with visual perceptivity, or sight. Even with traditional spectacles or lens, a person with amblyopia cannot see an image easily in one or both eyes.

Differences –

The terms amblyopia (or lazy eye) and strabismus are frequently confused and occasionally used interchangeably to relate to both. As we’ve seen, lazy eye consists of low vision in one or both eyes, which causes the brain to give preference to the bone that sees better and ignore the other, which becomes “lazy”. Strabismus, on the other hand, is the misalignment of the eyes that causes them not to look at the same direction.
A lazy eye is in numerous cases a consequence of strabismus. This occurs because the person affected by strabismus gives preference and keeps straight the eye so that’s easier for him to concentrate on images and gets used to using only that eye. Meanwhile, the swerved eye doesn’t work, so it runs the threat of getting “lazy”.

Amblyopia (Lazy Eye) Vs. Strabismus: Types:

Types of Amblyopia (Lazy eye) –

All three types of amblyopia are a result of suppression of vision in one or both eyes. The difference is in the root cause of the suppression.
Refractive amblyopia: Results from an uncorrected high prescription in one or both eyes.

Strabismic amblyopia: Results from a constant eye turn in one eye.
Deprivation amblyopia: Results from impaired vision in one eye due to physical problems in the eye.

Types of Strabismus –

Types of strabismus are determined by the following:

  • Which of the two eye turns
  • Direction of the eye turns in
  • Frequency of the eye turn
  • Amount of the curve the of eye turn
  • Whether the turn is the same in all positions of gaze

Amblyopia (Lazy Eye) Vs. Strabismus: Symptoms

Symptoms of Amblyopia –

Strabismus is pretty easy to spot but you can’t detect amblyopia with simple observation, as there are no outward signs.

However, because this is a functional vision problem, typical symptoms involve:

  • Poor depth perception
  • Difficulty catching and throwing objects
  • Clumsiness
  • Squinting or shutting an eye
  • Head turn or tilt
  • Eye strain
  • Fatigue with near work

Symptoms of Strabismus –

The most common symptom of strabismus is an observable eye turn. Patients with constant strabismus tend to be less symptomatic (but not asymptomatic) when compared to patients with non-strabismic functional vision problems. That’s because they often suppress the information from the eye that is turning, thus avoiding double vision and some of the accompanying symptoms of poor eye teaming.

Patients with intermittent strabismus may experience more frequent symptoms of a functional vision problem. These include:

  • Poor depth perception
  • Eye and/or general fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Eye strain and/or pain
  • Blurry or double vision

Amblyopia (Lazy Eye) Vs. Strabismus: Causes

Causes of Amblyopia –

Anything that blurs the vision of a child or leads to a cross in the eye can result in lazy eye. Common causes of the condition include:
Muscle imbalance (strabismus amblyopia) – The most common cause of lazy eye is an imbalance in the muscles that position the eyes. This imbalance can cause the eyes to cross in or turn out, and prevents them from working together.

Difference in sharpness of vision between the eyes – Also known as refractive amblyopia, a significant difference between the prescriptions in each eye — often due to farsightedness but sometimes to nearsightedness or an uneven surface curve of the eye (astigmatism) — can result in lazy eye. Glasses or contact lenses are typically used to correct these refractive problems. In some children lazy eye is caused by a combination of strabismus and refractive problems.

Deprivation – A problem with one eye — such as a cloudy area in the lens (cataract) — can prohibit clear vision in that eye. Deprivation amblyopia in infancy requires urgent treatment to prevent permanent vision loss. It’s often the most severe type of amblyopia.

Amblyopia (Lazy Eye) Vs. Strabismus: Risk Factors

Factors associated with an increased risk of lazy eye include:

  • Premature birth
  • Small size at birth
  • Family history of lazy eye
  • Developmental disabilities

Factors associated with Strabismus –
Significant risk factors for strabismus reported by the studies included low birth weight, cicatricle retinopathy of prematurity, prematurity, smoking throughout pregnancy, anisometropia, hyperopia, and inheritance.

Amblyopia (Lazy Eye) Vs. Strabismus: How is it diagnosed?

Your doctor will conduct an eye exam, checking for eye health, a wandering eye, a difference in vision between the eyes or poor vision in both eyes. Eye drops are generally used to dilate the eyes. The eye drops causes blurred vision that lasts for several hours or a day.

Your ophthalmologist will conduct an eye test, checking for eye health, a wandering eye, a difference in vision between the eyes or poor vision in one or both eyes. The eye drops that he generally uses to dilate the eyes leave the vision a little blurry. This blurriness lasts for hours.

The method used to test vision depends on your child’s age and stage of development:

  • Preverbal children. A lighted magnifying device can be used to detect cataracts. Other tests can assess an infant’s or toddler’s ability to fix his or her gaze and to follow a moving object.
  • Children age 3 and older. Tests using pictures or letters can assess the child’s vision. Each eye is covered in turn to test the other.

Amblyopia (Lazy Eye) Vs. Strabismus: Treatment

Strabismus, or crossed eyes, does not inescapably mean that a case requires vision correction. They may have20/20 vision, but just suffer with eye alignment. Amblyopia, on the other hand, occurs when an eye does not have normal visual perceptivity.

Amblyopia (Lazy Eye) Vs. Strabismus: When To See Doctor

Strabismus and amblyopia can be corrected, but it is important to catch them beforehand. Be sure to schedule an appointment with your ophthalmologist for your children, particularly before they reach the age of four, in expedients of catching any implicit problems beforehand.
If you experience any of the symptoms described above, or if you notice them in your child, be sure to reach out to our team at +919922995549.


Astigmatism: Causes, Types, Symptoms & Treatment

What Is Astigmatism?

Astigmatism is a common vision condition that affects the shape of the eye. Usually, the cornea (the front surface of the eye) is curved evenly, but with astigmatism, the cornea is curved more in one direction than another. This can cause blurred or distorted vision at all distances. Astigmatism often occurs along with other vision conditions such as nearsightedness or farsightedness. It can occur in people of all ages and is usually congenital, meaning it is present at birth. However, it can also develop later in life due to disease or injury. Astigmatism can be corrected with eyeglasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery. With refractive surgery, the shape of the cornea is permanently changed to improve vision.

Astigmatism In Children

Astigmatism is a type of refractive error that can occur in children. It is usually present at birth in most children and it often occurs alongside other types of refractive errors, such as nearsightedness or farsightedness. Children with astigmatism may squint or rub their eyes frequently, as this can help to temporarily improve vision.

Astigmatism can also be treated with refractive surgery, such as LASIK. If your child has astigmatism, it’s important to have their vision checked regularly so that their doctor can monitor their condition. If left untreated, however, astigmatism can cause headaches, eyestrain, and fatigue. Early diagnosis and treatment are important in ensuring that children with astigmatism can see clearly and experience fewer symptoms.

What Are The Different Types Of Astigmatism?

Although there are several types of astigmatism, they all have one thing in common: an irregularity in the shape of the eye’s cornea or lens. This causes light to be refracted, or bent, in an abnormal way, which results in blurred vision. The most common types of astigmatism are as follows:

Myopic astigmatism:

This is the most common type of astigmatism, and occurs when the cornea is curved more than usual. This type of astigmatism can be corrected with glasses or contact lenses.

Hyperopic astigmatism:

This type of astigmatism occurs when the cornea is flattened more than usual. It can also be corrected with glasses or contact lenses.

Mixed astigmatism:

This type of astigmatism occurs when there is both myopic and hyperopic astigmatism present. It can be corrected with a combination of glasses and contact lenses.

Treatments for astigmatism are usually very effective, and can significantly improve your quality of vision.

What Are The Symptoms of Astigmatism?

Symptoms of astigmatism can vary from person to person and the severity of the disability. However, most common symptoms of Astigmatism may include:

  • Blurry or distorted vision at all distances,
  • Eyestrain or headaches,
  • Squinting,
  • Fatigue while reading, and difficulty seeing at night.

If you experience any of these symptoms, you should schedule an appointment with your eye doctor. An eye exam is the only way to definitively diagnose Astigmatism. During the exam, your doctor will measure the curve of your cornea and determine whether you need corrective lenses or contact lenses. In some cases, surgery may be recommended to correct the shape of your cornea. Symptoms of Astigmatism can vary from mild to severe, so it is important to consult with a medical professional if you are experiencing any vision problems.

What Are The Causes of Astigmatism?

Most people have some degree of astigmatism. Causes of astigmatism are usually related to the way your eyes are shaped. If your eyeball is more oval than round, light entering your eye isn’t focused evenly on the back of the eye (retina). This can cause blurry vision.
Causes of astigmatism may also include:

  • Corneal scarring from injury or disease, such as herpes virus,
  • Certain types of cataract surgery;
  • Keratoconus, a degenerative disorder that results in a cone-shaped cornea.
  • In some cases, astigmatism may be inherited – People who have a family history of astigmatism are more likely to develop it themselves.
  • Refractive errors that combine with other refractive errors like near or farsightedness.

If you have severe astigmatism, you may experience headaches and eyestrain. And if it’s not treated, your vision may continue to get worse. If you have symptoms of astigmatism, make an appointment with an eye doctor or ophthalmologist. He or she can perform a comprehensive eye exam to determine if you have this condition and need treatment.

How Does Astigmatism Affect Vision?

Astigmatism often occurs when either the cornea (front surface of the eye) or the lens inside the eye has mismatched curves. Instead of having one curve like a round ball, the surface is egg-shaped. This causes blurred vision at all distances.
Often presents itself at birth, Astigmatism may occur in combination with nearsightedness or farsightedness. Most of the times it is not detected early enough to require corrective action. When it is, treatment options are corrective lenses or surgery.

Astigmatism Diagnosis & Test

Astigmatism is diagnosed by examining the eyes. It’s important for both health and vision, so your doctor might use various instruments to check different aspects including how well-sighted you are without glasses or contact lenses; they’ll also ask that you look at various objects while rotating them slowly before focusing on one specific spot using strong lights nearby if needed. He will then determine the prescription needed to provide clear surgery.

Astigmatism Treatment & Surgery

Treatment and Surgery –

The treatment for astigmatism depends on the severity of the disability. Mild astigmatism is usually corrected via contact lenses and glasses but it cannot be cured completely. Surgical correction is the only procedure that can almost eliminate or reduce astigmatism to a great extent.

The various treatment procedures available include:

1 Optical Therapy:

The simplest way to correct astigmatism is with eyeglasses. Contact lenses may also be used in place of eyeglasses.

2. Surgical Therapy:

When there is a need for significant correction to cure astigmatism. Different surgical methods include:

  1. Astigmatic keratotomy:

    this refers to the use of surgical incisions on the cornea to produce carefully planned surgical scars that can correct astigmatism after LASIK.

  2. Phototherapeutic Keratotomy:

    PTK is the method in which the decomposition of epithelium cells is achieved using phototherapeutic techniques. Thin layers are removed microscopically, thus correcting the corneal irregularities.

  3. Laser thermal keratoplasty:

    Holmium YAG laser is used with a slit-lamp system is used to create spots in the perimeter of the peripheral cornea in this method.

  4. Conventional refractive surgery:

    Optical rectification surgeries use excimer laser photoablation to cure astigmatism. This alters the corneal shape and rectifies the error in refractive function of the cornea.

What Other Conditions May Occur With Astigmatism?

Astigmatism is one of several conditions known as refractive errors, which affect how our eyes refract or bend the light. Other refractive errors include:

  • Myopia (nearsightedness).
  • Hyperopia (farsightedness).
  • Presbyopia (difficulty focusing at near).

Eye Exercises For Astigmatism

Before jumping into any other correction therapy, doctors suggest eye exercises. Eye exercises are known to treat astigmatic vision. Like any other muscle in the body, you must keep your eye muscles active. Merely staring straight at the computer screen or the road ahead while driving doesn’t help in keeping the eye much active. Therefore, additional eye exercises are a must.

  • Rectus muscle relaxation
  • Eye Massage
  • Reading
  • Vision Breaks
  • Head Tilting
  • Eye Yoga
  • Blinking

Astigmatism Prevention

Prevention of Astigmatism depends on regular exams and treatments options implemented. Regular eye exams are important for your vision and health. Astigmatism may increase slowly. A yearly eye exam with an optometrist or ophthalmologist helps keep tabs on any vision problems

Astigmatism Vs. Myopia

Astigmatism is typically present from birth, while myopia usually appears in school-age children. Myopia will usually get worse until it stabilizes in early adulthood. While astigmatism is usually down to the natural shape of your eye, myopia is closely linked to genetics and environmental factors. For example, if one or both parents are myopic, it’s more likely the child will be. However, myopia can also happen if the eyes grow slightly too long.
Astigmatism and myopia often come hand-in-hand, so if you have astigmatism it’s more likely that you are also short-sighted. It’s also linked with long-sightedness. In this sense, both refractive errors affect the way the light enters your eyes.

Astigmatism Related FAQs

Q1. Is Astigmatism The Same As Lazy Eye?
These two eye conditions are not the same, but they can go together. Lazy eye, or amblyopia, is a different eye condition where vision in one eye is weaker than in the other

Q2. Can Astigmatism Be Cured?
Astigmatism can be treated with correction methods but it cannot be cured entirely.

Q3. Can Astigmatism Correct On Its Own?
Astigmatism will not go away on its own. It will either stay the same or get worse with age

Q4. Is Astigmatism Genetic?
Yes, a family history can be cause of Astigmatism. If it is in the genes it’s more likely to occur.

Q5. Can Astigmatism Cause Migraines?
Headaches are a known possible side effect of astigmatism

Q6. Can Astigmatism Occur In Only One Eye?
Astigmatism almost always occurs in both the eyes.

Q7. Can Contact Lenses Cure Astigmatism?
Contact lenses are used a corrective method for a patient with Astigmatism. It is usually a result of a physical injury.

Q8. Can Eye Patch Help Astigmatism?
If diagnosed early, it can be treated with eye patch.

Q9. Can You Wear Contact Lenses With Astigmatism
Yes, contact lenses is one of the treatments suggests by the ophthalmologist to correct Astigmatism.

When To See A Doctor

The onset of the symptoms of astigmatism come on slowly. Visit an ophthalmologist if you notice changes in your vision. You’ll need a complete eye exam. Your doctor will test the sharpness of your eyesight by asking you to read an eye chart. They’ll also use tools to measure your vision.

The Bottom Line

Astigmatism happens when the cornea has an abnormal shape, leading to blurred vision in the affected eye or eyes. People are often born with astigmatism. However, it can sometimes occur later in life due to, for example, an eye injury or previous eye surgery. Eyeglasses or contact lenses are often effective treatments for astigmatism. Surgery is also an option for eligible individuals. Many people with astigmatism may not be aware that they have it until they have an eye exam. For this reason, it is important to undergo regular eye exams to identify and treat any eye problems.

Astigmatism can occur in children as well as adults. If you find any of the symptoms in the eye then connect with us.
To know more about the disability, visit us.

How Can Astigmatism Be Corrected

How Can Astigmatism Be Corrected?

What is Astigmatism?

Astigmatism is a common and generally treatable imperfection in the curvature of the eye that causes blurred distance and near vision.

It occurs when either the front surface of the eye (cornea) or the lens inside the eye has mismatched curves. Instead of having one curve like a round ball, the surface is egg-shaped. This causes blurred vision at all distances. It is often present at birth and may occur in combination with near-sightedness or farsightedness.

There are two main types of astigmatism: myopic astigmatism and hyperopic astigmatism. Myopic astigmatism occurs when the cornea is too curved, which causes light rays to focus in front of the retina instead of on it. This results in blurred distance vision. Hyperopic astigmatism occurs when the cornea is not curved enough, which causes light rays to focus behind the retina. This results in blurred near vision.

How Is Astigmatism Diagnosed?

Astigmatism can occur in both eyes, but it is often more pronounced in one eye than the other. Astigmatism can be diagnosed during a comprehensive eye exam. During this exam, your doctor will ask you to look at an eye chart and read the letters aloud. He or she will also measure the curvature of your cornea and test your visual acuity (sharpness). The doctor will use a lighted instrument called a retinoscope to examine the eye and determine if there is any refractive error.

How Can Astigmatism Be Corrected?

Astigmatism can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses, or surgery. Glasses or contact lenses correct astigmatism by bending the light that enters the eye so that it focuses evenly on the retina. Surgery corrects astigmatism by changing the shape of the cornea. Astigmatic keratotomy (AK) is a type of surgery that involves making incisions in the cornea to change its shape. This type of surgery is usually performed on an outpatient basis and does not require a hospital stay. Astigmatic keratotomy can be used to correct myopic, hyperopic, or mixed astigmatism. Laser-assisted in situ keratomileuses (LASIK) is a type of surgery that involves using a laser to reshape the cornea. This type of surgery is usually performed on an outpatient basis and does not require a hospital stay. LASIK can be used to correct myopic, hyperopic, or mixed astigmatism.

Astigmatism Treatment Options You Should Know

At present, there are a few different treatment options available for astigmatism. The most common is eyeglasses or contact lenses, which can be prescribed by either an optometrist or an ophthalmologist. For those who want to pursue a surgical correction, LASIK and other procedures can only be performed by an ophthalmologist. While these treatments are all effective in correcting astigmatism, the best option for each individual will depend on their specific situation and needs.

The following are the treatment options for Astigmatism –


The most common form of treatment for astigmatism is eyeglasses. Ophthalmologists report that using these in combination with an eye patch can often lead to 20/20 vision, but if the amount present on your retina is high then other treatment options may need exploration.

Contact lenses

Toric lenses are a special type of soft contact lens that corrects astigmatism. Orthokeratology uses them to treat certain vision conditions such as near-sightedness or presbyopia. During Orthokeratology, you may wear rigid contact lenses during the night while sleeping until the curvature of your eye evens out. Then you wear the lenses less frequently to maintain the new shape. If you discontinue this treatment, your eyes may return to their former refractive error and shape.


Lasik eye surgery is a procedure designed to improve your vision and reduce the need for eyeglasses or contact lenses. The laser-assisted in situ keratomileuses (LASIK) uses an incision made with much-targeted accuracy, allowing it to fix astigmatism by reshaping parts of one’s cornea through carefully planned cuts that correct refractive errors; this type of surgery has been proven effective whether you’re near-sighted or farsighted.

8 Best Eye Exercises to Treat Astigmatism

Eye exercises are known to treat astigmatic vision. Like any other muscle in the body, you must keep your eye muscles active. Merely staring straight at the computer screen or the road ahead while driving doesn’t help in keeping the eye much active. Therefore, additional eye exercises are a must.

  • Rectus Muscle Relaxation –
      The exercise should be done in the following steps:

    • Place your thumb over your nose at a 90-degree angle.
    • Move it clockwise to the 12 o’clock position. Keep it there for 2-3 seconds and then bring it back. Make sure your eyes follow your thumb.
    • Now move the thumb to the 1 o’clock position, keep it there for 2-3 seconds and move it back to the original position (90-degree angle).
    • Repeat this for all clock positions.
    • Don’t forget to breathe properly during this exercise.
  • Eye Massage –
      The exercise should be done in the following steps:

    • Close your eyes and then place two fingers on each of your eyelids..
    • By applying gentle pressure, slowly move your fingers in a circular motion from top to bottom and from right to left..
    • Move your fingers clockwise as well as anti-clockwise..
    • Repeat it 10–15 times, 2 to 4 times a day..
  • Reading –
    • Pull out a book.
    • Place an object next to it. After reading a paragraph from the book, focus on the object.
    • Continue doing this until your eyes start to feel tired.
  • Vision Breaks
    • Take a break from writing, reading, or staring at the computer.
    • Focus on other objects in the distance for at least 20 seconds
    • Repeat this exercise as many times as possible in a day.
  • Head Tilting-
      The exercise should be done in the following steps:

    • Look in the mirror to find out if you tilt your head to one side.
    • Spend time every day consciously trying to tilt your head in the opposite direction.
  • Eye Yoga
      The exercise should be done in the following steps:

    • Keep your posture straight. Stand, sit in the chair, or on the floor.
    • Close your eyes, and breathe while concentrating on your eyes.
    • Slowly start moving your eyeballs from side to side.
    • Do this exercise several times throughout the day.
  • Blinking
      The exercise should be done in the following steps:

    • Set a 2-minute timer.
    • Blink every 3-4 seconds.
    • Do this exercise at least 4 times a day.
  • Figure 8
      The exercise should be done in the following steps:

    • Look at a distance of 10 feet from your eyes.
    • Imagine the number 8.
    • Move your eyes along the figure for 2 minutes.
    • Do the same in reverse for 2 minutes.
  • Benefits Of Eye Exercises For Astigmatism

    Astigmatism could be predominant at birth or could be a result of trauma, congenital conditions, or a result of eye surgery. The vision impairment can be very bothersome as it makes a simple task like reading a book complicated. However, there are natural ways to treat astigmatism and one of them is eye exercises.

    Below are some benefits of eye exercises:

    • They help in reducing stress.
    • They strengthen the eyes
    • They help relax the eye muscles.
    • They improve vision over time

    A few benefits from specific exercises include –

    • Rectus muscle relaxation exercise relaxes the rectus muscles, which reduces the stress on the cornea and also strengthens the muscles around the eyes
    • An eye massage helps restores the shape of the cornea.
    • Reading is a particular way with the help of an object helps release the strain and pressure
    • Head tilting helps the extraocular muscles to regulate the force they exert on the eyeball.
    • Eye Yoga helps in strengthening eye muscles, sharpening focus, and improving vision.
    • Blinking benefits the eye by keeping it moist allowing you to focus better. It also decreases eye strain keeping them refreshed.
    • Figure 8 helps the eye to regain strength and become flexible.

    Astigmatism: Related FAQs

    Although astigmatism is a common and easy condition to deal with, a few doubts always come up. Here are a few frequently asked questions to help the patient understand the course of action better.

    Q1. Can astigmatism be cured?

    Yes, astigmatism, with proper treatment depending upon the type you have can be treated and cured.

    Q2. Can eye surgery cause astigmatism?

    During cataract surgery, astigmatism is induced to help ease the corneal steepening post-surgery.

    Q3. Can LASIK Eye Surgery Fix Astigmatism?

    Yes, LASIK eye surgery can help fix vision impairment including astigmatism.

    Q4. Can Astigmatism Be Corrected Naturally?

    Astigmatism can be treated naturally with eye yoga and exercises. It usually takes a longer time to correct the impairment.

    Q5. Can Astigmatism Be Fully Corrected?

    Yes, it can be fully corrected with eyeglasses or lenses or surgery if required.

    Q6. What Is The Best Way To Correct Astigmatism?

    The best treatment for Astigmatism depends on the patient. But presently, surgery or contact lenses are considered the best way to correct the impairment.


    Astigmatism is refractive vision impairment and is easily treatable and curable. Talk to your ophthalmologist about the type of Astigmatism and the treatment option that is best for you because glasses and/or contacts might not be ideal options for everyone, and surgery is usually the last resort. Astigmatism natural cure sounds almost impossible but there are several things you can do to help prevent it from getting worse.

    Frequent eye check-ups to catch and correct vision problems early. A healthy diet and exercise can help maintain proper blood flow, nutrients, and repairs to your eye tissues and keep your eyes working properly. However, if you are looking for a long-term solution for your astigmatism, laser surgery is the option.

Amblyopia Lazy Eye

Amblyopia (Lazy Eye): Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment & Prevention

What Is Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)?

Amblyopia is a type of vision disability that happens in one eye in children. It can develop when there’s not enough neural connections between the brain and eyes. It develops when there’s a breakdown in how the brain and the eye work together, and the brain can’t recognize the sight from one of the eye. Over time, the brain relies more and more on the other, stronger eye — while vision in the weaker eye gets worse.

What Happens In Amblyopia?

The most common cause of childhood vision loss is amblyopia, also called lazy eye. Up to 3 out 100 kids have it and early treatment works well with this condition avoiding long-term vision problems. Amblyopia happens when one eye becomes stronger than the other during infancy or childhood due to either genetic factors (inherited) or environmental influences such as lack nutrients while pregnant. The brain favours the better eye thereby allowing the weaker eye to get worse with time.

What Are The Types Of Amblyopia?

There are three different types of amblyopia. The type that a child can exhibit depends almost exclusively on the cause and results from suppression in one or both eyes with no visual disruption.
Types include –

Refractive Amblyopia

Refractive amblyopia is a type of vision impairment that occurs when there’s too much near-sightedness or farsightedness in one eye. This form of amblyopia may occur when there is a vision focusing difference between the two eyes. This may be caused by conditions such as astigmatism, hyperopia, or myopia. The brain only sees with the stronger eye, and as a consequence, the vision in the weaker eye does not develop.

Strabismic Amblyopia

Strabismic Amblyopia is caused by a misalignment of the eyes. The weak eye is often suppressed to prevent double vision, or diplopia. In strabismic amblyopia, the Cortical Ocular Dominance Columns remain structured even with moderate cases.

Deprivational Amblyopia

The least common type of Amblyopia is deprivational amblyopia, which can be caused by deprivation in early childhood. This condition often precedes congenital cataracts and results to permanent vision loss if left untreated.

What Are The Symptoms Of Amblyopia?

Symptoms of amblyopia can be hard to notice. Kids with amblyopia may have poor depth perception — they have trouble telling how near or far something is. Parents may also notice signs that their child is struggling to see clearly, like:

  • An eye that wanders inward or outward
  • Eyes that appear to not work together
  • Poor depth perception
  • Squinting or shutting an eye
  • Head tilting
  • Abnormal results of vision screening tests

Most of the times, parents don’t know their child has amblyopia until a doctor diagnoses it during an eye exam. That’s why it’s important for all kids to get a vision screening at least once between ages 3 and 5.

What Does Causes Amblyopia?

Amblyopia can develop from other eye and vision problems. Here are some conditions that may cause amblyopia in a child.

  • Refractive errors. These include common vision problems like near-sightedness (having trouble seeing far away), farsightedness (having trouble seeing things up close), and astigmatism (which can cause blurry vision). Normally, these problems are easy to fix with glasses or contacts. But if they’re not treated, the brain may start to rely more on the eye with stronger vision.
  • Strabismus. Usually, the eyes move together as a pair. But in kids with strabismus, the eyes don’t line up. One eye might drift in, out, up, or down.
  • Cataract. This causes cloudiness in the lens of the eye, making the vision blurry. While most cataracts happen in older people, babies and children can also develop cataracts.
  • Dropping eye lids – A dropping eye lid can block the child’s vision leading to amblyopia.

How Amblyopia Is Diagnosed?

If one of your children has poor eyesight, it is important to be aware that they may not have true Amblyopia. Amblyopia can develop due to many causes including: genetic factors; growing up with glasses or contacts which gave them an incorrect vision in one eye, infections near the brow area causing inflammation and scarring where tears are produced.

The ophthalmologist will perform a complete medical eye exam, looking for other problems that could be affecting vision. Poor vision in one eye does not always mean the child has amblyopia – some cases of this condition can improve with glasses.

What Are The Amblyopia Treatments?

To correct Amblyopia, a child may wear an eye patch or glasses that blur their stronger vision. In some cases, drops can be used to make the weaker eye worse and thus allow for better focusing on close-up tasks like reading books with small print. It generally takes several weeks to several months to strengthen vision in the weaker eye. Once the child has better vision in that eye, they may need to wear an eye patch part-time for a few years. This is because there is a chance that eye can weaken again. It is best to keep all appointments with the child’s ophthalmologist who will carefully monitor your child’s vision.

Amblyopia Treatment in Adults

Regardless of a person’s age, the visual system can be retrained due to the brain’s plasticity. Treatment is most effective when it’s administered at an early age. Generally speaking, the plasticity of the brain decreases as a person ages. However, it is still possible at any age to retrain the visual system, restore binocular vision, and correct amblyopia.

Amblyopia Surgery

In most cases, non-surgical interventions are more common than surgery for managing the causes of amblyopia. However, surgery can help to correct some of the causes but only when appropriate. These can include strabismus (crossed eyes), cataracts, refractive errors, and a droopy eyelid. Surgery may be an option for certain eye conditions that cause amblyopia. However, it doesn’t treat amblyopia itself. It treats the symptoms.

What Are The Risk Factors Of Amblyopia?

Factors associated with an increased risk of lazy eye include:

  • Premature birth
  • Small size at birth
  • Family history of lazy eye
  • Developmental disabilities

What Are The Complications Of Amblyopia?

If treatment starts too late in the early childhood, the vision loss of amblyopia might be permanent because links in the body’s visual system don’t form the way they should.

What Are The Prevention Of Amblyopia?

There is no way to prevent amblyopia or its side effects, but you can take steps to prevent it from getting worse. The best thing for a child with this condition are regular exams by an eye doctor at six months and then again before they turn three years old so that any issues may be detected early on before any permanent damage.

What Are The Exercises For Amblyopia?

  1. Pencil Push-Ups Treatment (PPT)
    1. Hold the pencil in front of you (or your child) at arm’s length.
    2. Slowly move the pencil as close to the nose as possible, without it becoming blurry or doubled.
    3. Once the pencil becomes blurry, move it away from the nose.
    4. If the pencil contains a visual element, focus on it.
    5. Repeat 5 times. Do a PPT session at least 3 times daily.
  2. Colouring within The Lines
    1. Choose a colouring book with simple pictures that have strongly delineated lines.
    2. Place an eye patch over your child’s stronger eye.
    3. Instruct them to carefully colour the objects on the page and stay within the lines.
    4. Make sure to supervise your child so that they don’t remove the eye patch.
  3. Puzzles
  4. Reading
  5. Specially Designed Video Games

Amblyopia FAQS

Q1. Can Amblyopia Be Treated In Adults

Yes, it can be treated in adults but if diagnosed at an early age, it can be cured better.

Q2. Can Amblyopia Develop In Adults

Amblyopia is very common between children aged up to 7 but it is also caused in adults.

Q3. Can Amblyopia Be Cured

Amblyopia is very much treatable in children as well as adults. With specific symptomatic treatments, amblyopia can be corrected.

Q4. Does Amblyopia Get Worse With Age

Even though the visual impairments from amblyopia begin in childhood, they can continue into adulthood with worsening symptoms if left untreated.

Q5. How To Cure Amblyopia Naturally

Amblyopia can be treated naturally with exercises but symptomatic treatment is necessary.

Q6. Can A Person With Amblyopia Drive

Amblyopic people can drive, provided the non-amblyopic eye meets the usual vision standards.

Q7. Can Amblyopia Be Considered A Disability

The vision in worse eye has to be less than 3/60 with no light perception. Then it is considered disability.

Q8. Can Amblyopia Cause Headaches

Yes. Its symptoms include lack of depth perception, difficulty seeing or reading, wandering eye, migraines and headaches.

Q9. Is Amblyopia Genetic

Yes, genetics can play a role in causing lazy eyes. In case of a family history of amblyopia (lazy eye), it is better to consult an eye doctor at two years of age

Q10. Does Mobile Use Cause Amblyopia

No, but it plays an important role in recovery. Children in recovery can have delayed response if there’s excessive usage of smartphones.

Q11. Is Amblyopia And Lazy Eye Same?

Yes, the words can be changed interchangeably.

Q12. Can Amblyopia Lead To Blindness?

Yes. If treatment isn’t provided on time or if the symptoms aren’t treated when they present themselves, it is to be noted that the patient can experience permanent vision loss.

Q13. Is My Child At Risk For Amblyopia?

A few things contribute to the risk factors. The child has to have family history of Amblyopia, or os born premature, has other disabilities.

Q14. When Should A Child’s Vision Be Tested?

Between the ages of 3 and 5, your child should have a thorough, in-person optometric eye examination to make sure his or her vision is developing properly

Q15. When To See A Doctor For Amblyopia

See a doctor if your child experienced all or some of the risk factors and the symptoms.

The Bottom Line

Amblyopia is a common cause of vision loss in children. Kids should have early and regular vision screening so providers can detect any vision problems. The only effective treatment include a patch or glasses, when started early before vision loss is severe. Most paediatricians and schools offer vision screening. Talk to your ophthalmologist if you notice any vision or eye problems in your child.
Amblyopia is treatable. If you think your child is experiencing any such symptoms or morbidities then talk to us. We are at your service.

Fruits For Eyesight Improvement

10 Fruits For Eyesight Improvement

Poor vision is a more frequent issue than we acknowledge. We blame it on the sudden increase in mobile phone usage, long working hours in front of computers, or excessive TV viewing. These factors do impact vision, but we should not overlook another notable aspect that can lead to the deterioration of eye health. Malnutrition or undernutrition can also have a significant impact on eyesight. Our eyes, like our bodies, require a certain amount of nutrients to function normally.

Because our eyes consume a significant portion of our diet, it is critical to include some nutritious foods. Fruits, in particular, are a nutrient-dense food source, with some fruits containing more nutrients than others that are beneficial to the eyes. How do you know which fruit to choose for your eye health among the plethora of fruits lining the supermarket shelves? In this article, look at the different fruits you need to include in your diet for healthy eyes.

10 Fruits To Improve Eyesight

A healthy lifestyle can significantly lower the risk of eye health issues. Foods high in antioxidants and vitamins play a vital role in eye health. Regular exercise and a well-balanced diet are essential for overall health and protection against several eye health conditions. Today, we’ll look at some fruits, which can help you keep your eye health in check and improve your vision.

Here is a list of fruits for eyesight improvement:

1. Orange

Citrus fruits, such as oranges, contain a lot of vitamin C. Vitamin C aids the body in the formation and maintenance of connective tissue, such as the collagen found in the cornea of the eye. Vitamin C is also beneficial to the health of the blood vessels in the eyes. It may aid in the treatment of age-related vision problems such as macular degeneration and cataracts.

2. Apricot

Apricots are excellent for your eyes because they contain vitamins A, C, and E, as well as carotenoids and a lot of beta-carotene. It is said to help with night vision and the ability of the eyes to adjust to dark environments. They also aid in the absorption of harmful blue and ultraviolet light, which protects the retina.

3. Avocado

Aside from its delectable, delicious flavor, avocado contains nutrients that promote good eye health! Avocado is healthy for your eyes because it carries a high amount of lutein. An ounce of avocado contains 80 micrograms of lutein, whereas most lutein supplements only provide ten mcg! Avocados, which comprise high levels of lutein and zeaxanthin compounds, aid in improving night vision and protecting the eyes from harmful ultraviolet rays.

4. Papaya

Papayas are high in Vitamin A and antioxidants, which aid in eye health. Vitamin A protects the corneas, while antioxidants prevent retinal degeneration. The delectable fruit offers all-around vision protection and even improves it to some extent.

5. Mango

Mangoes are also high in vitamin A, making them an excellent fruit for improving vision. It also protects against night blindness and dry eyes. Mango enzymes aid in the breakdown of protein content in the body.

6. Blueberry

The sweet and sour fruit has exceptional anti-inflammatory and rhodopsin-regenerating properties that help blood vessels in the eyes. Anthocyanins give blueberries a vibrant color, help prevent retinal artery blockage, and act as anti-inflammatory and antioxidants. These blue gems are an excellent way to rid your body of toxins that can harm your eyes and other organs.

7. Bananas

Potassium is also beneficial to eye health, particularly for dry eyes, as it is one of the vital components of the tear film that helps maintain film thickness. Bananas are also high in vitamin A, which is essential for eye health. Vitamin A shields the cornea, which is necessary for good vision.

8. Apple

Helping fight heart disease, lowering stroke risk, and lowering cholesterol levels aren’t the first things that come to mind when you think of apples. Nonetheless, these are all advantages of this eye-healthy fruit. Many people are unaware that cholesterol can accumulate in the blood vessels of your retina, posing a risk of eye damage. Antioxidants and pectin, the magic ingredients, help to reduce inflammation and LDL cholesterol levels.

9. Grapefruit

A single eight-ounce glass of grapefruit juice or eating one grapefruit each day is enough to help preserve your vision and combat the perils of eye strain, aging, and other stressors that can wreak havoc on your eyesight. This fruit has excellent anti-diabetic properties. Diabetes, both type 1 and type 2, can harm your eyes and cause conditions such as diabetic retinopathy. This condition causes the blood vessels in the eye to leak and damage the retina, often resulting in vision loss. As a result, consuming one grapefruit per day can significantly improve your eye health.

10. Grapes

Who knew this unassuming fruit had so many health benefits? Grape polyphenols, particularly those found in the red variety, aid in preventing type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure. As a result, grapes protect against glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy. Combine that eye-health benefit with grapes’ cancer-fighting resveratrol compounds, and you’ve got plenty of reasons to grab a bunch on your next grocery run.


A diet rich in nutrient-dense fruits will undoubtedly aid in achieving optimal eye health. These fruits can be consumed and enjoyed in a variety of ways. You could blend them in a smoothie, add them to a dessert or a fruit salad. Including these delicious fruits in your diet can help keep your eyes healthy. But it is critical to schedule regular eye exams with your ophthalmologist to detect any underlying eye problems. In addition, maintaining a healthy lifestyle free of stress, lethargy, and junk and sugary foods will help keep your eyesight in good condition.

If you follow a schedule that allows you to eat healthily and keep your overall health in check, you can avoid any eye-related problems interfering in your daily life. However, if you or your loved ones do encounter an eye-related issue, remember only to reach out to the most advanced eye-care hospitals and clinics for the problem. The experts at Dada Laser Eye Institute will guide you through the eye problem and suggest the necessary steps for further treatment. The doctors explain the risks involved and share their knowledge about the issue before and after your treatment. You can contact our experts and get a consultation by visiting our website to fill out a form.